CAD Joinery has been in the industry for 12 years. They offer designing and repairing of Kitchens, Staircases, windows and doors and cabinets. They offer excellent customer services.
Customer Service +44 01865 303 077
Unit 8A Standlake Business Park, Cotswold Dene
P.O. Box: Standlake
OX29 7PL

Parts of A Staircase and Their Roles

Ever wondered whether the various parts of a staircase play any roles? Well, there are several types of staircases and every part has its unique role to play. Knowing the staircase terminologies and what each part does is also important as it allows you to know exactly what kind of staircases you may need for your next home transformation.
spiral staircase

Terminology and What They Do


These are the parts where you hold onto for support while walking and they protect you from falling in case you miss a step. They are also known as the bannister and sometimes they also offer support for spindles. But what are spindles?


They are vertical structures found between the handrails and the base rails and they assure you more protection by protecting you from falling aside. They are made of various materials such as wood, metal or glass and can be modified for decoration purposes.

modern staircase

Base rail

This is the part that holds into position the spindles ensuring they are well fitted into the staircase for maximum protection.

Newel Post

This is a large post mostly located at the foot of a stair and at the landing point. The key role of the newel post is to provide support to the handrail. Design-wise, it also makes for a beautiful entrance to your staircase.


This is the part adjacent to the top or bottom of a stair. The intermediate landing is the space that allows one to change directions or pause a little before proceeding to either climb up or down the stair.



This is a major part of the stair and it is the part that we step on. Treads are separated from each other by the vertical part of the stair known as the riser. In an open stair situation, the riser is not always there.


This is the space between the pitch line to the ceiling above and is hardly less than two meters. It allows one to walk without obstruction or having to bend in order to fit in the provided space.


Although it is used for decoration, the curtail also provides more support to the handrail and the volume. It is usually a curving at the bottom of the stair that is more extended than the sides of the stairs. Perfect for those who prefer a different type of staircase for the first and usually second step with a nice curved design.

The list of the staircase terminologies is long and inexhaustible, and the above are just some of the major terms and parts of the staircase. They are the basics that should help you decide the type of a stair that you need.

As well as how you would love it designed for purposes of not only protection, but also convenience and decoration. If you have any questions, please do feel free to fill out our contact form or give us a call with 01865 303 077.


Draught Proofing Sash Windows: Your Simple DIY Guide

A complete home is a home that looks good from the outside in, and your windows are one of the first things people see when they visit your home! Sash windows are one of the preferred window types in a home because of their ability to provide a home with a real touch of character.

These can be installed by a contractor, or an experienced DIYer could attempt this, but the simple task of draught proofing your windows can be done by anyone! That’s why today we’ll be covering the core aspect of the maintenance for sophisticated sash windows: draught-proofing.

So here is our foolproof DIY guide to draught proofing your sash windows – let’s get to it!

You can also check out this guide from the Islington Council, showing you how to do just as our step-by-step guide below instructs:

What tools do you need for draught proofing sash windows?

When draught proofing sash windows, it’s likely you will use Rubber Fin type draught proofing, but you will also need a number of other materials and tools. These include:

  • White spirit to clean up all surfaces & to avoid the seals not firmly attaching to the frames
  • A hacksaw
  • A hammer
  • A tape measure
  • Masking tape
  • Nails
  • A cloth
  • Detergent
  • A pair of scissors

When draught-proofing sash windows using self-adhesive draught-proof strips, you will need sealers which must be carefully chosen to fit the gaps in your windows.

How to fit the draught proofing

  1. First, when buying the draught seal, make sure you choose the right colour and profiles to fit your needs, for example, E’ shaped profiles work well with narrow gaps and thicker P’ shaped profiles work well with wider gaps.
  2. Then you need to get the correct measurements of the window frame where you want to draught proof.
  3. After getting the measurements, it is time to bring in the hacksaw – use this to cut the correct lengths of your Rubber Fin material for draught proofing.
  4. Once this is done, you can start to apply the draught proofing to the frame, starting from one edge before sliding all the way to the end of the frame.
  5. Make sure the draught proofing is held tight in place on the other side. You can do this using masking tape.
  6. When sliding the draught proofing along the frame, make sure it stays against the frame all the way by securing the nails in through the holes. Use the hammer to hit in the nails. Make sure to push the strip against the frame so that there is a tight seal when the window is closed. This is done when using rubber fin type of draught proofing.
  7. When using cheaper self-adhesive draught proofing strips, make sure to first clean up the surface for best results.
  8. Once you have these in place and you have cleaned the frames, measure the strips whilst putting them against the frames and cut them with the scissors once you reach the correct length for each side.
  9. When this is done, you need to peel out the backing attached to the proofing in order to reveal the adhesive and then press it firmly into its place, working your way up the entire frame.

We hope you found this guide to draft proofing your windows useful – and do let us know if you have any more questions. We’d be very happy to help and offer some more advice. We fit many sash windows each week, so if you’d like some assistance with your existing sash windows, or think that your old one could do with a revamp, call the experts!  

The difference between a joiner and a carpenter & what to look for when hiring

The vast majority confuse joinery services and carpentry services as the same, yet there is a notable difference between the two. While carpentry can be attributed to general woodworking services, joinery incorporates more specific and skilled woodwork services to enhance private and business spaces. For instance, if you wish to remodel specifically spaces like a kitchen, lounge room and so on, you should contract a joiner.

staircase-joinery job in oxford

So, put simply, what is the difference between a joiner and a carpenter?

While a carpenter will typically work on smaller woodwork projects and will make direct fixes on-site, a joiner will typically construct timber products off-site, ‘joining’ wood in the workshop. For instance, joiners are often hired to craft and install various building frameworks and structures such as window and door frames, staircases, and structure beams for new buildings or home renovations, whereas carpenters typically repair these sorts of fixtures.

However, whether you are considering hiring a joiner or carpenter to install or repair a feature to your home, there are a few things that you should pay attention to to ensure that you get the best possible work from your contractor.

Experience matters in joinery

Other than the fact that this alone ensures ability and good workmanship, it’s also good to know to what extent they have been in the business and their range of specialization. Check reviews. Be aware of their past work to ensure you don’t hire an inexperienced joiner or capernter who has burned others before you.

You can also usually see their qualifications to guarantee a professional quality of joinery or other woodwork. Try different joiners! (Or carpenters.) All joiners have different experience so find out what they specialise in so you can go to them for that. For instance, at CAD Joinery we specialise in kitchen fittings, staircases, sash windows and a number of other windows, doors such as bifold doors and cabinets.

Notoriety of the Joiner

The reputation of the joiner is always a good starting point when trying to determine the skill of the joiner workforce. Again, check their reviews! It’s also good to keep an eye on their permit reports and whether they are enlisted to work in your area. With approval comes the learning that they have successfully achieved the appropriate mastery and qualification necessary for the joinery industry.

review feedback for joiners smiley face

Get suggestions

Online surveys, case studies and client testimonials on their website (and if possible, get in touch with a past customer are some unwatchable route for you to be certain of their method for functioning and their last work. Addressing building examiners in buildings where they have worked beforehand can also give you significant understanding if the joiners consistently meet the code prerequisites or not. You would likewise get advised about whether they purchase quality materials or not. These attributes should give you an understanding into whether they have the adequate joiners expertise or not.

Joinery Speed Versus Efficiency

Joinery work can be frustrating if not finished on time. Along these lines, it’s vital that the joiners your use have a good reputation for completing the work to the due date given. However, although efficient working is important, speed should not come at the expense of the standard of work. A clear discussion with your joiner to confirm what is expected in terms of deadlines should occur as early as possible during the hiring process.

Free Consultation

A free consultation with the joiner organisation should be available.  Most joinery organisations give a free consultation session to survey the property or assess the job, and communication to understand better your needs and desires. This meeting is important for you to gather your own impressions of the joiner and the work they will complete for you, and clarify any questions that you may have.

With these tips in mind you can never go wrong in your choice of joiner, and that way you can ensure your home or business receives quality joinery work that will last and continue to enhance your property for years to come!  

At CAD Joinery, we specialise in bespoke joinery arrangements, fashioning carpentry for many business, retail, and private spaces. To find out how we could help you with your joinery needs, contact our friendly team today.

What’s the Best Wood to Use for Timber Windows?

There is no doubt that timber window frames are beautiful and ideal for an authentic and traditional look on any home, particularly older and period buildings.

Made well and maintained with care, timber window frames can provide a beautiful aesthetic, whilst lasting for many years – making them an investment well worth considering.

Making the decision to install timber window frames in your home is unlikely to be difficult – but choosing which species of wood to use is likely to be a little tougher.

Continue reading What’s the Best Wood to Use for Timber Windows?

Double glazed sash windows: Choosing the right replacement sash windows

The sash window is an integral part of British architectural history. Dating back to the 17th century, they’ve been a common sight in both large stately homes and more modest houses ever since. There are a number of considerations when it comes to changing your sash windows, so it’s important to do some research before investing in new ones. This article hopes to clear up any misconceptions and queries you may have.

Continue reading Double glazed sash windows: Choosing the right replacement sash windows

Benefits of Bespoke Joinery: How Bespoke Joinery Can Save You Space

Are you exploring new ways to save space in your home or office? The wooden components you choose to use in the construction of a room can have a huge impact on the overall functionality and aesthetics of that space. That’s why you need to choose pieces and structures that optimise the potential of the room without adding unattractive clutter. Bespoke Joinery is your answer!

Continue reading Benefits of Bespoke Joinery: How Bespoke Joinery Can Save You Space

Want a New Staircase? Where to Start: From Design to Picking Your Staircase Fitter

If you are renovating your home, having a home built, or perhaps having an upper floor extension added to your property, one of the things you may be considering is fitting a new staircase. A staircase can be a major feature in any home, and as such you need to put some thought into the design that you want. You have plenty of options available when it comes to staircase design depending on the design, size, and layout of your property.

wooden staircase with spot lights

Continue reading Want a New Staircase? Where to Start: From Design to Picking Your Staircase Fitter

5 reasons why you should consider bespoke joinery over ready-made furnishing

As soon as the word ‘bespoke’ is included in a product or service, the thought ‘expensive’ nearly always accompanies it, particularly when it comes to anything to do with building or interiors, not least to mention craftsmanship.

Joinery is the craft of building things – doors, cabinets, stairs etc. – by joining pieces of wood. Joinery and carpentry can involve some overlapping skills but they differ in that a carpenter installs the joiner’s product, rather than actually builds it. The joiner concerns themselves with detailed, aesthetically pleasing and often bespoke work.

So why would you consider hiring a joiner, rather than purchasing a ready-made item?

Continue reading 5 reasons why you should consider bespoke joinery over ready-made furnishing

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Address: Unit 8A, Lakeside Industrial Estate, Standlake,
Oxfordshire, OX29 7PL

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